Well, are you citing to a paragraph or a line number. Below is a basic list of very common abbreviations. In order to ensure that members of the bench, bar, and general public are able to interpret these abbreviations, a standardized list of. This is the compilation of documents submitted throughout the duration of the case. The same case can also be found in the parallel reporters. May 02, 2017 a little more than four years ago, the court of appeals dismissed an appeal for, among other things, an attorneys numerous bluebook violations, stating that perhaps counsel would benefit from obtaining a copy of the bluebook for reference in the future.
Some basics on bluebooking with a focus on maryland rules this is a quick guide to citing maryland cases and statutes, based on bluebook rules 10 and 12. Most commonly used abbreviations in legal citations. Where the bluepages and local court rules are silent regarding the citation of a particular document, you may use the other rules in the bluebook, referred to as the whitepages, to supplement the bluepages. If you are submitting legal documents to a state court, you may have to cite cases using.
In academic writing, the case name is in normal type in footnotes and italicized in text. Jan 03, 2019 the code of maryland is the most current public record of all statutes still in force in the state of maryland. The scope of the indigo books coverage is roughly equivalent to the bluebooks bluepagesthat is, the indigo book covers legal citation for u. How to cite us government documents in apa citation style. First a complaint is filed to the court clerks office. Jul 19, 2019 the opinions of a given court or jurisdiction are often published in more than one reporter. Supreme court uses its own unique citation style in its opinions, even though most of the justices and their law clerks obtained their legal education at law schools that use the bluebook. State courts bluebook guide guides at georgetown law library. Jul 19, 2019 like federal statutes, state statutes may be published in both an official code and an unofficial code, and the bluebook requires you to cite to the official code, if possible rule 12. If you encounter a situation that is not covered in this guide, make sure to check the bluebook for more detail. The largest courts by number of judges are the central district of california and the southern district of new york, each with 28 judgeships. Browse the list of 2 770 court abbreviations with their meanings and definitions. United states supreme court reports lawyers edition l. Bluebook table t1 provides guidance on how to properly abbreviate reporter names.
Meliah thomas, comment, the first amendment right of access to docket sheets, 94 cal. Court abbreviation meanings 11415 defendant committed, obviously that means jail. Abbreviations to federal courts legal abbreviations libguides at. The following alphabetical list provides abbreviations for court names to be used in. Common abbreviations used in criminal record reports.
State statutes bluebook guide guides at georgetown law. It is not intended to be a comprehensive discussion of citation rules. The docket sheet is a chronological listing of all documents filed in the case. Docket entries are meant to be succinct summaries of information regarding the document that has been filed. State court abbreviations bluebook quick reference. Citing cases bluebook guide guides at georgetown law library. The third section will list citations for general legal materials.
Such citations and abbreviations are found in court decisions, statutes, regulations, journal articles, books, and other documents. For example, the abbreviation for the district of wyoming is. Federal court cases are grouped into specific reporters corresponding to the court level. In some cases, it indicates that a word should not be abbreviated. Name of the case underlined or italicized and abbreviated.
Process other in place of ot, except for offense 9954, only valid for certain offense codes. The commission to revise the annotated code was appointed by the maryland legislature on july 16, 1970, led by thensenate president william s. If you are writing a brief or memo, look at the blue pages, rule b10 or apply the citation rules of the jurisdiction. There is a bankruptcy court for every united states district court. The usual progression of court documents to court record is a fairly standard path. Common abbreviations used in criminal record reports this list should be used only as a guide in interpreting criminal record information. For instance, the court has considered the evidence in this. Internet citation bluebook citation 101 practitioner. If you prefer to search by state supreme court or court of appeals exclusively, click on the links in the left hand navigation bar for supreme court or court of appeals abbreviations.
Although the fbi does publish a standard list, many abbreviations are the result of local court ingenuity. May 05, 2020 citing court documents is a way of citing facts, which are found in the record of the case. Below is a list of state supreme court and court of appeals abbreviations. If youre citing to a paragraph likely because the lines arent. Do not capitalize the name for a type of court document, such as an injunction, petition, etc. It is a composite of those contained in the bluebook and the alwd guide to. Dec 23, 2019 the bluebook is a writing style most often used for legal citation.
These tables give the various abbreviations for the u. See page 220 of the publication manual 2010 for information on citing state statutes laws. Standard docket text abbreviations united states district court. Generations of law students, lawyers, scholars, judges, and other legal professionals have relied on the bluebook s unique system of citation in their writing. In any other court, an unreported opinion of either court may be cited only 1 when relevant under the doctrine of the law of the case, res judicata, or collateral estoppel, 2 in a criminal action or related proceeding involving the same defendant, or 3 in a disciplinary action involving the same respondent. A little more than four years ago, the court of appeals dismissed an appeal for, among other things, an attorneys numerous bluebook violations, stating that perhaps counsel would benefit from obtaining a copy of the bluebook for reference in the future. A uniform system of citation, a style guide, prescribes the most widely used legal citation system in the united states.
Looking for the abbreviation of code of maryland annotated relations. Bluebook, rule 10 click on the link below for abbreviations of common reporters. Name of the case underlined or italicized and abbreviated according to rule 10. The bluebook requires citation to printed material provided it is available, unless there is an authenticated, official, or exact digital copy of the printed sources. Federal courts bluebook guide guides at georgetown law library. Supreme court cases, however, the bluebook dictates that. Apr 09, 2019 165 is the volume number of the reporter that contains the court s opinion f.
Supreme court do not abbreviate the first word in a. Judicial opinions basic legal citation cornell university. Court document abbreviations table 8 of 17th edition this table gives suggested abbreviations for citations of court documents and legal memoranda not in the other forms of legal writing for the words most commonly found in the titles of court documents. Citing cases bluebook guide guides at georgetown law. The smallest are the district for the northern mariana islands and the district of guam, with one judgeship each. The precise format of a case citation depends on a number of factors, including the jurisdiction, court, and type of case. Find out what is the most common shorthand of code of maryland annotated relations on. The webs largest and most authoritative acronyms and abbreviations resource. A document bearing a seal purporting to be that of the united states, or of any state, district, commonwealth, territory, or insular possession thereof, or the panama canal zone, or the trust territory of the pacific islands, or of a political subdivision, department, officer, or agency thereof, and a signature purporting to be an attestation or execution. Bluebook rule 10 covers how cases should be cited in legal documents. The title of court documents should be capitalized only if 1 the document was filed in the same matter as is the subject of your document and 2 the actual title or a shortened form is used. Other civil revocation only and older cases probable cause found. Word abbreviations are often used in the docket entry to save time and space on the docket sheet.
List of united states district and territorial courts wikipedia. The abbreviation for a bankruptcy court is the same as for the district court with bankr. The bluebook is designed to provide information on legal citation, particularly to law students in their first year, law clerks, summer associates, lawyers, and others working in legal professions. In a diverse and rapidly changing legal profession, the bluebook continues to provide a systematic method by which members of the profession communicate important information to one another about the sources and legal authorities upon. Pardoe, board member of the national audubon society about the need to exclude mute swans from the mbta. Furthermore, many state courts have their own citation rules that take precedence over the bluebook for documents filed with those courts. Cases bluebook legal citation tarlton law library at tarlton law.
If youre citing to a line number, dont use the paragraph symbol. Use no signal, for example, when directly quoting an authority or when restating numerical data from an. The list of 2 769 court related acronyms and abbreviations february 2020. Abbreviations in citations category table related bluebook rule. Keep in mind the typeface differences between academic documents and non academic legal documents. The word court is also capitalized in a court document when it is referring to the court issuing or receiving that document.
List of all most popular abbreviated court terms defined. What is the abbreviation for code of maryland annotated. Table 1 provides a list of statutory codes for each state and indicates which is the officialpreferred code to cite as well as the abbreviations for each. Citing court documents is a way of citing facts, which are found in the record of the case.
After that, this rule provides the appropriate order in sufficient detail that the rule should be consulted. The first section is a list of commonly used citation abbreviations for illinois sources. Order of authorities bluebook legal citation tarlton. Magistrate misdemeanor cases never to be served voidedrecalledstricken no probable cause.
In court documents, the case name is underlined or italicized. However, the basic format of a case citation is as follows. Probation revocation by judge, only valid for certain. Because publishers adopt different practices regarding how abbreviations are printed, one may find abbreviations with or without periods for each letter. Beginning in the late 1950s, the michie company a publishing firm in. Code of maryland maryland law resources research guides. Court name abbreviations table 7 in a nutshell normally, the abbreviation for state intermediate appellate courts is x ct. This list only includes abbreviations for states court of appeals. Bt2 jurisdictionspecific citation rules and style guides. The indigo book isnt the same as the bluebook, but it does implement the same uniform system of citation that the bluebook does. Each document entered on the docket sheet is called a docket entry.
Abbreviations to federal reporters legal abbreviations. Some jurisdictions may interpret some of the terms contained herein differently. The publication manual of the apa does not specifically address citing state legislative documents. The following is a list of the most commonly abbreviations used in the legal citation system. A docket sheet is the record in which a court clerk notes a cases number, the names of the parties involved, and all the proceedings and filings in a case. Connecticut, delaware, district of columbia, maine, maryland, new hampshire, new jersey. Thus, the abbreviation for the bankrupty court of the district of wyoming is. As youll see below, for example, opinions of the u. If a case is published in a reporter, the bluebook prescribes which reporter is the preferred one to cite table 1. Cases bluebook legal citation tarlton law library at. The fastest way to collect all of the citation information for a case is to highlight the specific text you would like to cite and use the databases copy with citation feature. For material not specifically covered in the publication manual, the apa refers users to the bluebook.390 993 672 1270 1278 266 451 1226 1351 688 570 532 460 1022 1506 1022 199 1403 143 1063 658 956 526 1104 661 1437 576 244 105 1118